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June 10 - September 9, 2017
Dignity in Labor: Texas Regionalism from the Bobbie and John L. Nau Collection
Dignity in Labor: Texas Regionalism from the Bobbie and John L. Nau Collection captures a pivotal moment in Texas’ cultural history. Prevalent during the 1930s, Texas Regionalism was an American realist modern art movement wherein artists depicted rural life and landscape scenery of the Lone Star State. This group of artists captured the pure essence of Texas — its landscapes and people — at a defining moment as Texans suffered through the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression.
Artists such as Jerry Bywaters, Alexandre Hogue, and Merritt Mauzey sought to illustrate the interaction of people and the land, portraying the hardworking character of Texans, the development of the oil industry, and the panorama of the vast open space of the state. Through these remarkable paintings, lithographs, and murals of ordinary people and places in everyday circumstances, these artists of the Texas Regionalism movement sought to reveal the unique character of Texas and Texans.
Jerry Bywaters (Paris, Texas, 1906 - 1989, Dallas, Texas), Oilfield Workers, 1940, Oil on canvas, 36.5 x 30 in.
Courtesy of the Bobbie and John L. Nau Collection
Introducing America to Americans: Depression-Era Photographs from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Rebecca Cole Gallery
A single photograph can touch the hearts of a nation. In 1936, photographer Dorothea Lange captured one such image, Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, while photographing California’s impoverished migrant farm camps for the Farm Security Administration (FSA), part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program implemented to combat American rural poverty. In a single frame, this haunting photograph of an exhausted mother, with her worried brow, her tattered clothing, and children huddled against her hiding their faces, captures the fears of an entire population of disenfranchised people.
The FSA photography project documented life throughout the United States, showcasing Americans struggling through the economic distress of the Great Depression and the agricultural catastrophe of the Dust Bowl. FSA project director Roy Stryker hired exceptional photographers including Walker Evans, Gordon Parks, and Russell Lee, and gave them wide latitude in their assignments. For nine years, Stryker sent these photographers across America to produce a “visual encyclopedia of American life”, which resulted in some 175,000 images and transformed what could have been an ordinary government photography project into a landmark in modern photojournalism.
Introducing America to Americans: Depression-Era Photographs from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston showcases many of the iconic images produced by these extraordinary FSA photographers who documented the lives and circumstances of the American people and the American land during the Great Depression.
Dorothea Lange, American, 1895-1965
Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, March 1936, printed 1976
Silver gelatin print, 13 1/2 x 10 7/16 in.
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Museum purchase funded by Mr. and Mrs. Alvin S. Romansky, 76.396